Αρχική Green Life Ζώα & Περιβάλλον Καταστροφή της άγριας ορχιδέας της Χίου επειδή έβγαλαν νωρίς τα κατσίκια στα...

Καταστροφή της άγριας ορχιδέας της Χίου επειδή έβγαλαν νωρίς τα κατσίκια στα βουνά!


Η καταγγελία για την καταστροφή της άγριας ορχιδέας της Χίου γίνεται από τη CHIOS NATURE, ύστερα από σχετική επιστολή του φυσιοδίφη Mike Taylor που είδε μερικά σπάνια είδη να εξαφανίζονται επειδή κάποιοι άφησαν να βγουν νωρίς τα γίδια στο βουνό!

Αξίζει να σημειωθεί ότι ο άγγλος φυσιολάτρης είχε κάνει συγκεκριμένη πρόταση στη Νομαρχιακή Αυτοδιοίκηση για ανάπτυξη του εναλλακτικού- φυσιολατρικού τουρισμού από ότι φαίνεται όμως όχι μόνο δεν εισακούστηκε αλλά αντίθετα δεν μερίμνησαν οι αρμόδιοι καν για την προστασία της σπάνιας χιακής χλωρίδας…

Στη σχετική ανακοίνωση η CHIOS NATURE αναφέρει:


Καταστροφή της άγριας ορχιδέας της Χίου φέτος την άνοιξη
Αξιότιμοι Κύριοι,
Σας επισυνάπτω επιστολή του φυσιολάτρη και φίλου της Χίου, Mike Taylor, που αναφέρεται στην κατάσταση της άγριας ορχιδέας στο Πελινναίο όρος φετος την άνοιξη.
Φαίνεται  ότι πιέστικαν οι αρχές να επιτρέψουν στους βοσκούς να αφήσουν τα ζώα ν’ανέβουν ψηλά στο βουνό φέτος πιό νωρίς απ’ότι συνηθίζεται. Τα ζωα έφαγαν τις σπάνιες ορχιδέες.  Οι διάφοροι επισκέπτες (επιστήμονες και μη) που έρχονται στο νησί για τον σκοπό αυτό δεν βρήκαν φέτος αντικείμενο γιά μελέτη ή καταγραφή.
Είναι ένα σκάνδαλο το γεγονός ότι στις μέρες μας  μετά απ’όσα γνωρίζουμε για την ευαισθησία του κόσμου για το φυσικό περιβάλλον και μετα την αναγνώριση απο την Ευρωπαική Ένωση της αξίας της περιοχής  (που είναι μέρος της NATURA 2000) δεν έχουμε εδώ στη Χίο την πολιτική θέληση να προστατεύσουμε τον φυσικό μας πλούτο.
Επισυνάπτω και δύο φωτογραφίες των ειδών Ophrys pelinaea και Fritillaria pelinaea τα οποία  είναι σπάνια είδοι που καταστράφηκαν φέτος και που η επιστημονική περιγραφή τους αναφέρει συγκεκριμένα τήν Χίο.
Με εκτίμηση
Άννα Σταματίου
Tηλ. 22710 44627
6973 506 175
Σταύρου Λιβανού 26, Μπέλλα Βίστα, Χίος



Natura 2000, Pelinaeon. Aug 08.
          18 Albany Road,
          SK7 1ND

Dr. Eleni Tryfon,         7th August 2008
Ministry of Environment,
Physical Planning and Public Works,     mikechios@ntlworld.com
Nature Management Section,
Trikalon 36,
Gr-11526 Athens.

Mr George Handrinos & Mr Panagiotis Drougas,
Ministry of Agriculture,
General Directorate for Forest Development and the Environment,
3-5, Hippocratous Street,
GR-10164 Athens.

Dear Dr. Tryfon, Mr Handrinos and Mr Drougas.  Ref  Natura 2000 Chios (Pelinaeon)

       I am writing to you to draw your attention to the severely damaging consequences of a change in agricultural practice which occurred in late March / early April 2008 on Pelinaeon Mountain in Chios, one of the most important botanical sites within the 35000 Hectare Natura 2000 designated area in Chios.

I have been regularly visiting the mountain between February and October each year, since my retirement in 1995, undertaking invertebrate biodiversity research for World Museum Liverpool under licences issued by the Greek Ministry of Agriculture and also botanical studies.

Over the thirteen years 1995 to 2007 I never encountered goats in the middle reaches of the mountain before mid May. On 17th March 2008 I undertook a preliminary survey of the status of a number of species of rare orchids on Pelinaeon in order to be well prepared when I returned with a group of ‘ Greentours’  Eco-tourist visitors on Tuesday 15th April. The target rare orchid species were there in numbers and in fine states of development and augured well for the forthcoming visit.

However when I revisited the prime orchid site on the 15th April, in company with my two co-leaders, Tristan Lafranchis and Paul Green and our party of tourists, we found a state of utter devastation as far as the orchids were concerned. Virtually all  the plants had had their flowering shoots eaten, only about 5mm of the flowering shoots being left, together with the basal leaf rosettes. Also the beautiful and rare plant Fritillaria pelinaea, endemic to Chios, for which Pelinaeon Mountain is the ‘Type Locality’ had suffered in the same way.

At the time I thought that goats being found high up the mountain about a month earlier than normal was due to the lateness of the Greek Easter in 2008. However when I mentioned this to my Greek friends in Chios they told me that goats had only been allowed onto the mountain much earlier than normal following ‘unrelenting pressure’ by shepherds on the Forestry Authorities!!!

In recent years visits to this orchid rich area by tourists included about 200 delegates to ‘Ophrys 2005’ the Second International Orchid Conference 16th April 2005, and Greentours 15th April 2006 and 14th April 2007. Also many independent travellers interested in botany have been visiting the mountain in increasing numbers each year. On none of these occasions were there any goats even on the lower slopes of the mountain. The only previous occasion when I had witnessed goat damage to orchids on Pelinaeon was in 2003 or 2004 when I visited this same area in the company of my friend and Chios resident orchid enthusiast, Pantelis Saliaris, in mid May to look at plants of the relatively late flowering Ophrys apifera, unfortunately goats had just arrived before us and had eaten all the flower spikes.  These observations confirm and support the fact that traditionally goats have only been allowed onto the mountain a month later than was permitted in 2008.

The importance of Chios for its orchid diversity, particularly the genus Ophrys, is attracting ever increasing numbers of tourists and researchers, this process being stimulated by the ‘Ophrys 2005’ conference.

In 2007 the orchid specialist Pierre Delforge spent three months in Chios researching its orchids and published his findings in a joint paper with Pantelis Saliaris in Les Naturalistes Belges 88 (Orchid.20) (2007): 41-227. In this paper four new species of Ophrys are described including Ophrys pelinaea the ‘Type Locality’ of which is ‘ mons Pelinaeus (UTM: 35SMC 1369), alt. s.m. 600M, 30.IV.07.’

Reference to the distribution maps of orchids, many of them considered very rare in a European context, contained in this paper show the huge importance of Pelinaeon for its contribution to the significant orchid diversity of Chios. As the eastern Aegean is the recognised centre of evolution of Ophrys, one of the prime reasons for the establishment and maintenance of Pelinaeon within the Chios Natura 2000 designation must be its orchid diversity.

The part of Pelinaeon containing the most important orchid colonies discovered so far is an area centred on the ‘Refuge’ above the village of Viki, [ N38?34.00′, E26?00.66′ ], approximately 1.5Km in diameter, particularly UTM 1Km Grid Blocks, MC1368, MC1369, MC1370, MC1468 and MC1469.

Reference to the Natura Website :-   http://www.natura.org/about.html 
Hellenic Ministry for the Environment :- http://www.minenv.gr/1/12/121/12103/e1210316.html
clearly shows that these damaging changes to Pelinaeon agricultural practices should be forbidden under Natura 2000 Protocols, and  are contrary to the aspirations of the Hellenic Ministry for the Environment in protecting Greek biodiversity as expressed above.

I am supported in this letter to you requesting your action in directing that in future years the timing of grazing by goats on Pelinaeon reverts to previous practice, by three of my colleagues at Greentours, Ian Green,Tristan Lafranchis and Paul Green.

Mike Taylor
Copies to :-
The Prefect of Chios, Mayor of Kardamyla,
Greentours :- Ian Green, Paul Green, Tristan Lafranchis. Chios Nature:- Anna Stamatiou.
Chios residents:-  Thodoros Chaviaras, Iannis Makridakis, Giorgos Missetsiz, Pantelis Saliaris
Orchid Taxonomists:-  Prof  Bateman (U.K.), Pierre Delforge (Belgium), Dr Edmondson (U.K.),
Dr Faurholdt (Denmark), Monika Hirth (Germany), Karel Kreutz (Netherlands), Dr Lorenz (Germany), Prof Paulus (Austria), Prof Pedersen (Denmark), Dr Rois (Portugal), Prof Sideris (USA), Prof Tyteca (Belgium).